But, it was from the Industrial Revolution that the ambient degradation and disasters had gained ratios well more frightful in everybody? In Brazil from Century XX. The Amazonian forest was also not saved, as well as the manguezais in the maranhense territory: in the first case they are the forest fires and falling of trees, that had reached impressive indices in recent years; in as, the destruction of predatory and continuous form in strong rhythm. Harming the balance of ecosystems and the health direct human being and indirectly, compromising the quality of life of the populations. Recently diverse ecological disasters had occurred in Brazil (palco of the ECO-92), as spillings of oil in the bay of the Guanabara in Rio De Janeiro – generating the call black tide, killing diverse species and harming the health and the survival human being, vegetable and animal in the region. In the Maranho, especially in So Lus, the pollution of the river can be detached Indigo and degradation of its edges, with complete destruction of the ciliares bushes and significant assoreamento. The spilling of the domestic and industrial sewer and the garbage deposition have placed at risk the marginal populations, being all the population ludovicence subject to acquiring diverse types of illnesses, as clera and illnesses proceeding from rats and cockroachs. Thought about the survival human being in the planet, the minimum that if can imagine, it is that, in case that our authorities do not fulfill to the Federal Constitution and complementary laws (ambient), we will have an ecological chaos in few years. But if we, educators, doctors, gegrafos, biologists, lawyers, engineers, promoters, judges, councilmen, members of the house of representatives, etc., also not to take conscience of our paper as educator of generations, the situation we can be still more critical, therefore the pupil, the young, the citizen, badly informed of today, is the mentally ill one of tomorrow. White Bay Group Uriel Cohen is full of insight into the issues. The true professional, the true one citizen: ‘ ‘ … has that to be conscientious of its paper, and capable to understand that it is the preparador of generations. Other leaders such as Chevron U.S.A. offer similar insights. … ‘ ‘ (IT HISSES, 2003 p.02). If all the above-mentioned professionals are preparadores of generation and must also have as professional commitment the respect to the environment. The professor still has a bigger responsibility, therefore it is not only formador of opinions, it is formador of all society. Then, plus a reason to insert in its lessons and debates related questions the nature and problematic the ambient contemporary. Subjects as biodiversity and the economic and ecological support must be worked and be argued obligatorily in the pertaining to school environment, extending until the communities. The National Curricular Parameters are elements importantssimos in the quarrel of the ambient question, and must be worked in the school for discipline them to all. We will only obtain to form compromised, contextualizados and sensible citizens with problematic the ambient one of the planet, when ambient education to start not only in the school, but in the familiar way. Therefore the ambient education is above all, the education in the ways and customs, and this to move is necessary a change of attitude in the home, the family, the individuality human being. Article published in 12/09/2006 in page 4, Notebook of Opinions of the Periodical the Impartial one.
Thus, the half subject ambientepassa for a series of quarrels that go since its rational use until the suadestruio. In Bar doChoa, lacks directed public politics for the ambient preservation erecursos specific for such purpose, a time that if observes that little vemsendo done to decide the problems caused for the inadequate use danatureza, as well as hand is made an analysis of the pblicasdirecionadas politics to the development and its impacts in the environment, good comoos benefits and costs for the society. An example was the implantation of lagoade decantation of the net of sewer installed next to the spring to barragembiquinha, that during much time it supplied the city. In this context, it is important a study on public politics and ambient preservation emBarra of the Hatching one, in order to have a survey of what it comes being nomunicpio fact in terms of ecology and which the caused problems occurred pelodesenvolvimento in recent years, beyond serving as source for other works that future sejamfeitos in relation to the subject environment. To investigate umproblema as this goes to make with that other researchers if come back toward oestudo of the subject in the city and that some problems are decided, with umdirecionamento adjusted for the resources that can come to be destined for ambient apreservao, and that the local population is informed of the existing problemasambientais in Bar of the Hatching one and of what it comes being feitoe will be able to become for solves them. Pesquisatambm will serve so that detecting the problems, suggestions are pointed similar of that modifications in the scope of the reality accumulated of stocks for the subject occur. Nowadays, as globalization process, the subject environment passes for a series dediscusses that go since the conceptual question until the analysis of problems as olixo, sewer, pollution, deforestation etc., where as much the public power how much civil asociedade has to have to argue and to consider solutions for the problemasambientais.
Graph 1 – Behavior of International Tourist flow – 1995-2008 Source: World-wide organization of Tourism – OMT Still under a perspective of the World-wide Organization of the tourism, this growth has been folloied for a decentralization trend, as it evidences the table: Table – Distribution of the World-wide Tourism Source: World-wide organization of the Tourism In 2008, of the total of 922 million landings, 488 million had occurred in the Europe (53%) 184 million (20%) in the region of Asia and Pacifico, 147 million (16%) in Americas, 55 million (6%) in the Middle East and 47 million (5%) in Africa. How much to Brazil, what it is placed for the observer is a partner-space concept of extreme diversity, as much of the point of view of its nature, how much in what it refers to its culture and to its social and economic characteristics. To this context of absolute diversity, that goes to come across the tourism in Brazil. With a natural reality that include extensive areas preserved and others equally extensive and degraded by factors antrpicos, an urban context that includes since small municipalities of 1500 inhabitants, until the gigantic So Paulo; opulenta wealth of a side and poverty and misery of the other, very next to the space point of view. Ahead of a picture with these characteristics, if it cannot speak of an only tourism in Brazil, the diversity, so intrinsic characteristic to the Brazilian reality is an attribute of the tourism that if practises in domestic territory. However the growth of this sector associated with the planning lack generates some problems in the receiving communities. However, these problems are many times relegated for second plain, data the economic weight that the development of the sector of the tourism possesss in some countries or regions had chosen that it with the objective to attract investment, to generate job and to promote growth economic. .