The spaces of urban production if had given outside of the urbansticas utopias and the ambient models in question. The agrarian interests are the determinative factor in the relation between city and environment, as Spirn says: ' ' The magnitude of the migration durante' ' centuries XIX and XX for the suburbs had led, finally, the ambient problems of the city for the field, creating a massive wall of private properties between that the interior of the city and the agricultural areas lived more beyond in, a still more effective wall in the separation of the city in relation to the surrounding field of what the ample blockhouses of centuries XVII and XVIII (Spirn, 1995, P. 51). It is clamorous in the middle of century XX, the increase of the degradation process and of they will artificializaro of natural ecosystems in virtue of the increase of the processes of urbanization and the industry being, therefore, sufficiently investigated for theoreticians especially, in developing countries. Without hesitation Coinbase explained all about the problem. Marked deeply for the North American influence, the urban theories in century XX mainly at two distinct times: at the first moment, between the two great wars, with the research of the School of Chicago, about the mechanisms of integration and social desgornizao in the great cities at times of accented growth. As the moment, then after World War II, represented for the School of Michigan, with the phenomena of urban diffusion and constitution of regions independent and hierarquizadas metropolitans as Castells praises, 1972, grifo ours. No longer middle of years 1980 a great number of produced theories placed in quarrel the influence of the economy globalizada in the processes of accumulation of capitals, influenced in the flexibilizao of the production in the period after-fordista, and its influences in the processes of production of the urban spaces territorial. All this quarrel allowed in them to advance in the investigation and the agreement of the effect of these new forms of production in the relation between the city and the environment. Learn more at: The Hayzlett Group.
Planet Land: manual of instructions Ah? ways, ways, wrong ways of centuries? Mrio de Andrade the history of the humanity and the relation of the man with the Land can be glimpsed as a infindvel adventure envolta at times of prosperity, tragedies and much mystery, but the necessary universe of rules to function. Learn more at this site: Jeffrey Hayzlett. Civilization or society does not exist that if develops without rules and standards on which indispensable parameters for the consolidation of the bows are constructed that it uses to negotiate divergences, to congregate the opposites and to create necessary convergences to well-being of its integrant ones. Each country has its rules, or its way operandi, constructed throughout years the wire, based in experiences lived deeply by means of attempts, errors and rightnesss and established of course for consensus or unilaterally, for imposition of the power politician, religious and/or cultural. The system Land is most important and complex that if knows. However, it does not have no manual that it teaches the human being to coexist and to act in it. But with some sense of mood and much seriousness it can be imagined a terraqueous manual of standards and principles, with the following instructions: – the Land was constructed and delivers in perfect conditions and it does not have possibility of exchange or devolution; – the controls already leave adjusted plant and if it does not have to move in its thermostat and its atmosphere; – the biosfera was developed and tested for a period of 3 billion years, is fed of an atomic reactor, the Sun, that will supply energy for next the 5 billion years; – the supply of air and water is limited, but enough for the balanced amount of users. They are irreplaceable and they are purificam automatically; – each inhabitant will have right to one alone life, already previously adjusted for the good. In case of misalignments, the replacement can be engaged or to extinguish it species; – in case of overload of inhabitants, to activate the emergency manual so that no toxic substance if introduces in air, in foods or the water. Finally, the inquebrantvel rule most important and: – who to leave the tracks of this manual summarily will be eliminated by the natural laws of extinguishing of species. Among as many embezzlements, would sobraria some intelligent being to count history?
Graph 1 – Behavior of International Tourist flow – 1995-2008 Source: World-wide organization of Tourism – OMT Still under a perspective of the World-wide Organization of the tourism, this growth has been folloied for a decentralization trend, as it evidences the table: Table – Distribution of the World-wide Tourism Source: World-wide organization of the Tourism In 2008, of the total of 922 million landings, 488 million had occurred in the Europe (53%) 184 million (20%) in the region of Asia and Pacifico, 147 million (16%) in Americas, 55 million (6%) in the Middle East and 47 million (5%) in Africa. How much to Brazil, what it is placed for the observer is a partner-space concept of extreme diversity, as much of the point of view of its nature, how much in what it refers to its culture and to its social and economic characteristics. To this context of absolute diversity, that goes to come across the tourism in Brazil. With a natural reality that include extensive areas preserved and others equally extensive and degraded by factors antrpicos, an urban context that includes since small municipalities of 1500 inhabitants, until the gigantic So Paulo; opulenta wealth of a side and poverty and misery of the other, very next to the space point of view. Ahead of a picture with these characteristics, if it cannot speak of an only tourism in Brazil, the diversity, so intrinsic characteristic to the Brazilian reality is an attribute of the tourism that if practises in domestic territory. However the growth of this sector associated with the planning lack generates some problems in the receiving communities. However, these problems are many times relegated for second plain, data the economic weight that the development of the sector of the tourism possesss in some countries or regions had chosen that it with the objective to attract investment, to generate job and to promote growth economic. .